Upper & Lower

Upper & Lower lesson plan

What letters do children know?

  • 1.

    As children learn to differentiate between upper-case and lower-case letters, matching letter shapes is a challenge. Provide students with daily experiences that engage them with print through reading activities, singing, writing simple words and their first names, etc.

  • 2.

    To make letter cards, ask students to use Crayola® Crayons to write all upper-case and lower-case letters of the alphabet on index cards. This will require a total of 52 index cards, two of reach letter. Encourage students to make each letter large and dark so that they are easily visible.

  • 3.

    Divide cards into three piles: Aa through Hh; Ii through Qq, and Rr through Zz.

  • 4.

    To play Upper & Lower: Play with two or three friends. Mix the cards from any one pile. Place them face down in rows.

  • 5.

    Each player in turn chooses two cards. If the cards match upper- and lower-case letters, keep the cards and take another turn. If the letters are different, turn the cards face down for the next player’s turn.

  • 6.

    Start again when all cards are matched.


  • LA: Know and apply grade-level phonics and word analysis skills in decoding words.
  • LA: Participate in collaborative conversations with diverse partners about grade level topics and texts with peers and adults in small and larger groups.
  • LA: Speak audibly and express thoughts, feelings, and ideas clearly.
  • VA: Students will investigate, plan and work through materials and ideas to make works of art and design


  • Create a similar game focused on a simple math skill or learning digits.