Fish for Dinner

Create a chart of the ocean’s very complex food chain. Each level of this chain is dependent on the organisms below as a food source. Find out the importance of each of the four categories of marine life that make up the ocean.

  • 1.

    Discuss with students the delicate balance of life in the ocean. All living creatures are dependent on other species for survival.

  • 2.

    Using available resources in the library and/or Internet resources, ask students to research the ocean’s food chain. Working in small groups, students make a list of prey and predators that live in the ocean in order from smallest to largest.

  • 3.

    Students use Crayola® Classic Markers to illustrate an ocean’s food chain on a large piece of poster board. Start with the largest animal at the top and continue drawings in a circle to illustrate findings.

  • 4.

    Label each of the predators or prey with Crayola Markers using bold colors.

  • 5.

    Student groups prepare a brief presentation of their findings to share with classmates. This presentation may be written or electronic.

  • 6.

    Provide time in the school day for students to share their ocean research.


  • LA: Conduct short research projects that build knowledge through investigation of different aspects of a topic.
  • LA: Integrate information presented in different media or formats as well as in words to develope a coherent understanding of a topic.
  • LA: Engage effectively in a range of collaborative discussions (one-to-one, in groups, and teacher led) with diverse partners on grade level topics and texts, building on others’ ideas and expressing their own clearly.
  • SCI: Use models to describe that energy in animals’ food (used for body repair, grow motion and to maintain body warmth) was once energy from the Sun.
  • SCI: Use observations to describe patterns of what plants and animals (including humans) need to survive.
  • VA: Students will initiate making works of art and design by experimenting, imagining and identifying content.
  • VA: Students will intentionally select and analyze their artwork and the work of others when deciding what artwork to present.


  • Have a discussion about the human food chain. How does it differ from that of an animal in the wild? Discuss the steps needed to get food to our dinner table.
  • Transportation of goods plays a large role in the distribution of products throughout the world. Select a product that might come from another part of the world and figure out how many miles it travels before it gets to market.