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Fish for Dinner

Create a chart of the ocean’s very complex food chain. Each level of this chain is dependent on the organisms below as a food source. Find out the importance of each of the four categories of marine life that make up the ocean.

  • Grade 4
    Grade 5
    Grade 6
  • Multiple Lesson Periods
  • Directions

    1. Discuss with students the delicate balance of life in the ocean. All living creatures are dependent on other species for survival.
    2. Using available resources in the library and/or Internet resources, ask students to research the ocean’s food chain. Working in small groups, students make a list of prey and predators that live in the ocean in order from smallest to largest.
    3. Students use Crayola® Classic Markers to illustrate an ocean’s food chain on a large piece of poster board. Start with the largest animal at the top and continue drawings in a circle to illustrate findings.
    4. Label each of the predators or prey with Crayola Markers using bold colors.
    5. Student groups prepare a brief presentation of their findings to share with classmates. This presentation may be written or electronic.
    6. Provide time in the school day for students to share their ocean research.
  • Standards

    LA: Conduct short research projects that build knowledge through investigation of different aspects of a topic.

    LA: Integrate information presented in different media or formats as well as in words to develope a coherent understanding of a topic.

    LA: Engage effectively in a range of collaborative discussions (one-to-one, in groups, and teacher led) with diverse partners on grade level topics and texts, building on others’ ideas and expressing their own clearly.

    SCI: Use models to describe that energy in animals’ food (used for body repair, grow motion and to maintain body warmth) was once energy from the Sun.

    SCI: Use observations to describe patterns of what plants and animals (including humans) need to survive.

    VA: Students will initiate making works of art and design by experimenting, imagining and identifying content.

    VA: Students will intentionally select and analyze their artwork and the work of others when deciding what artwork to present.

  • Adaptations

    Have a discussion about the human food chain. How does it differ from that of an animal in the wild? Discuss the steps needed to get food to our dinner table.

    Transportation of goods plays a large role in the distribution of products throughout the world. Select a product that might come from another part of the world and figure out how many miles it travels before it gets to market.

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