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What’s inside the crater of an active volcano? Bubbling red magma. Show molten lava flowing from a "fire mountain" that looks really hot!
About 4000 million years ago, the Earth was a mass of erupting volcanoes. Those powerful eruptions helped make our planet what is it like today. Volcanoes created atmospheric gases, seawater, and much of the Earth’s land formations. Find out why volcanoes erupt. Study how the molten rock from deep within the Earth, called magma, builds up. Eventually, it vents out from between the plates of the Earth’s surface. After the magma breaches the surface, it breaks down into gas, water vapor, and lava, or liquid material.
Invite students to research the five different types of eruptions. This can be done individually or in small groups.
To show what they have learned about volcanoes, students make a realistic-looking model. Teams decide on the type of volcano and its location. The ideas described here illustrate one way to make a Hawaiian eruption on an island. Student volcanoes might be in a tropical jungle, a sandy desert, beneath the ocean, or near a frosty glacier. Use your imagination to recreate a unique, accurate eruption.
Create the setting. Students cover their work areas with recycled newspaper. With Crayola® Artista II Tempera and a sponge, cover a large piece of sturdy cardboard for your volcano’s location, such as an ocean. Air-dry the base.
To make an island in the sea, press out a thin layer of white Crayola Model Magic. Air-dry the island at least 24 hours.
Depending on the location of the "fire mountain," paint the setting in lush tropical colors, muted sand hues, or as a speckled, crusty glacier. A recycled foam produce tray makes a good palette for mixing colors with a brushes or sponge. Air-dry the island.
Attach island to its cardboard base with Crayola School Glue. Air-dry them.
Form the mountain. Students turn a recycled plastic container upside down. Work upward from the base to shape the sides of the mountain with white Model Magic. If the mountain has ridges, crumple newspaper and cover it with Model Magic. Model Magic fresh from the pack sticks to itself simply by pressing it together. Shape the volcano’s crater by pressing down into top of the mountain. Air-dry the volcano at least 24 hours.
Paint the sides of the volcano to show the local terrain. Use sponges to give the surface interesting texture. Air-dry your mountain.
Let the lava flow! With more Model Magic, form the hot lava spewing out of the volcano’s crater. Often, some lava flows from side cracks as well as from the neck in the top. Shape molten lava into the inside of the crater, down the sides of the mountain, and running perhaps into the sea. Air-dry the lava 24 hours.
Paint the lava flow in its hottest colors. It the lava contains rocks or cinders, dot them into the paint. Air-dry lava.
Glue the lava to the mountain to hold it firmly in place. Glue the volcano to its setting. Air-dry construction before putting it on display. Students label its parts or write a story to explain the type of eruption depicted.
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