Mountains and Beach

Mountains and Beach lesson plan

Discover the world of geography, logging new geographic terms and combining them into one colorful scene.

  • 1.

    During a unity of study focused on international or national geography, ask students to keep a log of geographic terms, perhaps related to a book that the class is reading (perhaps Misty of Chincoteague), such as inlet, mountain, and river. Have students write the word, a formal definition of the term, a re-written definition in their own words and an illustration of each word. Illustrations can easily be created with Crayola® Erasable Colored Pencils.

  • 2.

    Challenge students, working in teams of two, to sketch a scene illustrating several of their geography terms using Crayola® Erasable Colored Pencils, Crayola Washable Markers, Crayons, Colored Pencils and/or Color Sticks on construction paper. Mix new colors by overlaying coats of crayon, marker, or colored pencil to make each feature unique.

  • 3.

    Student groups swap drawings with another team. Study the new drawing. Name the geographic features depicted.


  • LA: Read and comprehend informational texts, including history/social studies, science, and technical texts, at the high end of the grade level text complexity band independently and proficiently.
  • LA: Draw evidence from literary or informational texts to support analysis, reflection, and research.
  • LA: Engage effectively in a range of collaborative discussions (one-on-one, in groups, and teacher-led) with diverse partners on grade level topics and texts, building on others’ ideas and expressing their own clearly.
  • LA: Produce clear and coherent writing in which the development and organization are appropriate to task, purpose, and audience.
  • SCI: Obtain information about the locations of a variety of Earth’s features and map the geographic patterns that emerge.
  • SS: Use appropriate resources, data sources, and geographic tools to generate, manipulate, and interpret information.
  • SS: Locate and distinguish among varying and geographic features, such as mountains, plateaus, islands, and oceans.
  • VA: Use different media, techniques, and processes to communicate ideas, experiences, and stories.
  • VA: Use visual structures of art to communicate ideas.


  • Possible classroom resources include: Introducing Landforms by Bobbie Kalman; Geography from A to Z: A Picture Glossary by Jack Knowlton; The Seven Continents by Wil Mara; What Is a Landform? By Rebecca Rissman
  • Encourage students to identify landforms in their local communities. Sketch each or create a 3-D model of the landform using Crayola Model Magic. Students name the landform in the 3-D model and write a summary of research focused on the site. Display both in the classroom.
  • Students can create a landforms book which includes landform terms and a definition of each in the students' words. A sketch of the landform type should also be included in the book as a visual reference.