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Investigate the authentic clothing worn by European immigrants to North America; then create historically accurate hats to wear in reenactments.
Invite students research information about the immigrants from cities in Europe who came to the Wampanoag village of Patuxet, Massachusetts in 1620. The clothing they brought with them was mostly wool and linen, with some leather. These immigrants wore reds, yellows, purples, and greens, as well as blacks and grays. Their hats were simple, with no buckles or bows. Men's hats were usually felt, shaped like an angular bell. The women's hats, called coifs, were gathered circles of linen, which covered their hair. Once students have completed their research, they will be making replicas of the hats.
To create a replica of an authentic Plymouth colonist man's hat with paper maché, students tear several long strips of recycled newspaper. Students also cover their work areas with more recycled newspaper. Mix equal amounts of Crayola® School Glue and water in a recycled container.
Cover another hat-sized recycled container such as a plastic ice cream tub with a damp paper towel. Dip newspaper strips into the glue mixture, and wipe away the excess. Drape strips over the tub, letting them spread onto the table to make a brim. Cover the entire tub. Use more strips to coat the perimeter and brim of the hat. Smooth out the strips as they are applied. Dry between each two or three layers. Trim the hat with Crayola Scissors, leaving a broad brim.
To design a lady's coif, students crumple a large ball of newspaper to use as a form. Saturate two half-sheets of newspaper with the paper maché glue mixture. Drape the wet paper over the crumpled ball. Secure it in place with string around the outer edge. Dry. Trim the edges in a circle.
Students paint both hats with Crayola Tempera Paints. Dry.
In an attempt to re-enact understanding of life in 17th-century Massachusetts, students collect appropriate props and wear their Proud Pilgrim Hats during presentations.
Display the 7 principles of Kwanzaa in a one-of-a-kind accordion window book.
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