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Natural phenomena are endlessly fascinating! Create a model of an erupting volcano and let off some steam.
During an investigation into rocks and minerals, invite students to research important facts about volcanoes. How do they erupt? What was the biggest eruption ever known? What famous cities have been buried under volcanoes? Students may work in smlal groups as they gather research.
Ask student groups to identify where the volcano nearest their hometown is located. Pinpoint locations of additional volcanoes, active and dormant, on a world map. Why are they often found in clusters? Find photographs of erupting volcanoes. Note that some are islands, while others are located inland.
In preparing to create a model, groups will use cardboard for a base upon which to make their volcanoes. Mold Crayola® Model Magic into a mountain. Remind them to be sure to hollow out the center of the cone for the crater. Volcanoes often blow out one or more sides of the mountain when they erupt!
Demonstrate how students can blend red and black Model Magic to show the hot magma and lava streaming down the volcano. Press Model Magic together to seal seams when joining pieces.
Blend blue and white Model Magic to form tidal waves and water surrounding the volcano. Or create green vegetation such as forests or fields if the volcano is inland.
Wisps of cotton balls can be added to the top of the volcano to resemble steam.
Set aside class time for student groups to present their volcano models and demonstrate how an eruption occurs.
Focus on historic achievements and positive role models with this collaborative monument making project.
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