What's Inside a Plant Cell?

What's Inside a Plant Cell? lesson plan

What parts make up the inner workings of a plant cell? Illustrate them in bright colors.

  • 1.

    Research the various parts of a plant cell. You’ll find that plant cells contain parts that are not in animal cells, called chloroplasts. What are the parts that both animal and plant cells contain? What shapes are these parts?

  • 2.

    Use Crayola Dry-Erase Markers to draw a plant cell on a dry-erase board. Label all of the parts. Compare your drawings with others in the class for accuracy. Simply use a facial tissue to erase and then rewrite.


  • LA: Read with sufficient accuracy and fluency to support comprehension.
  • LA: Read and comprehend informational texts, including history/social studies, science, and technical texts, at the high end of the grade level text complexity band independently and proficiently.
  • LA: Engage effectively in a range of collaborative discussions (one-on-one, in groups, and teacher led) with diverse partners on grade level topics and texts, building on others’ ideas and expressing their own clearly.
  • LA: Acquire and use accurately grade-appropriate conversational, general academic, and domain specific words and phrases, including those that signal spatial and temporal relationships.
  • LA: Report on a topic or text, tell a story, or recount an experience with appropriate facts and relevant, descriptive details, speaking clearly at an understandable pace.
  • SCI: Develop and use a model to describe the function of a cell as a whole and ways parts of cells contribute to the function.
  • VA: Intentionally take advantage of the qualities and characteristics of art media, techniques, and processes to enhance communication of experiences and ideas.
  • VA: Select and use the qualities of structures and functions of art to improve communication of ideas.


  • Possible classroom resources include: Plant Cells: The Building Blocks of Plants (Exploring Science) by Darlene R. Stille; Powerful Plant Cells (Microquests) by Rebecca L. Johnson; Mighty Animal Cells (Microquests) by Rebecca L. Johnson; Plant and Animal Cells: Understanding the Differences Between Plant and Animal Cells (Library of Cells) by Judy Yablonski.
  • Challenge students to investigate cells that do not have a nucleus. How do they think? How do they survive?
  • What is photosynthesis? Students research the process and use Crayola Colored Pencils to create a diagram of how the process works. Label all stages and write 1-3 sentences explanation for each stage.
  • Encourage students to compare and contrast plant and animal cells.