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Reptile and Amphibian Anatomy

What are the differences between reptiles and amphibians? Illustrate them with colorful drawings!

  • Grade 3
    Grade 4
    Grade 5
  • 30 Minutes or Less
  • Directions

    1. Reptiles and amphibians may seem to be alike, but when you look very closely, they’re really quite different. Organize students into small groups. Ask each group to research the body parts, habitats, and other aspects of a reptile such as a crocodile or turtle, and an amphibian such as a salamander.
    2. Using knowledge gained through research, student groups draw the various body parts of an amphibian on a dry-erase board with Crayola Dry-Erase Markers. Label the parts. Draw a reptile on another. Label its parts, too. Compare and contrast the two. Simply use a facial tissue to erase and then rewrite.
  • Standards

    LA: Read with sufficient accuracy and fluency to support comprehension.

    LA: Read and comprehend informational texts, including history/social studies, science, and technical texts, at the high end of the grade level text complexity band independently and proficiently.

    LA: Acquire and use accurately grade-appropriate conversational, general academic, and domain specific words and phrases, including those that signal spatial and temporal relationships.

    LA: Participate in collaborative conversations with diverse partners about grade level topics and texts with peers and adults in small and larger groups.

    LA: Conduct short research projects to answer a question, drawing on several sources and refocusing the inquiry when appropriate.

    LA: Produce clear and coherent writing in which the development and organization are appropriate to task, purpose, and audience.

    SCI: Construct an argument with evidence that in a particular habitat some organisms can survive well, some survive less well, and some cannot survive at all.

    VA: Intentionally take advantage of the qualities and characteristics of art media, techniques, and processes to enhance communication of experiences and ideas.

  • Adaptations

    Possible classroom resources include: DK Eyewitness Books: Reptile by Colin McCarthy; Miles and Miles of Reptiles: All About Reptiles by Tish Rabe; Everything Reptile: What Kids Really Want to Know about Reptiles (Kids Faqs) by Cheri Winner; Smart Kids Reptiles by Roger Priddy; Animals: Mammals, Birds, Reptiles, Amphibians, Fish and Other Animals (A Class of Their Own) by Shar Levine

    Organize a field trip for students to visit a local zoo in created natural habitats. Have students bring sketch pads and draw what they see, commenting at the bottom of each sketch on whether they are viewing a reptile or an amphibian. Upon returning to the classroom, students post learning to a class blog.

    Students work in small groups to identify similarities and differences between reptiles and amphibians. Students use a Venn diagram to illustrate their findings. The Venn diagram can be created on a dry erase board using Crayola Dry Erase Markers.

    Challenge students to create new creatures that merge the characteristics of reptile and amphibians. Sketch these new organisms on a dry erase board, give each an original name, identify an appropriate habitat, and be prepared to present to the class.


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  • Creativity.
  • Capacity.
  • Collaboration.
  • Change.
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