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Textured Lines

Stop using the same old lines! Mix up your lines with these texture techniques used by the master, Leonardo da Vinci.

  • Grade 4
    Grade 5
    Grade 6
  • 60 to 90 Minutes
  • Directions

    1. Texture is an element of art that describes the physical surface quality of an object. Textures can be felt by touching an object. Artists can visually portray textures using lines to imply the way something feels in real life—hairy, rough, sharp, silky, etc.
    2. There are several ways to use lines to show textures. Use the broad side of the drawing tool to make shaded areas of light and dark. This can be used to make a smooth texture. Hatching is drawing evenly spaced lines in the same direction. Cross-hatching is a technique that crosses lines in the opposite direction of the hatched lines. Stippling uses dots instead of lines. Invite students to experiment to discover what textures can they can show with each of these techniques.
    3. Allow time for students to explore the sketches and line drawings of Leonardo da Vinci. Challenge them to identify each of the techniques listed above in his drawings. What textures does he create using these lines?
    4. Using black construction paper, students draw lines with Crayola Color Sticks to create different textures. Experiment with every side, point, and angle of the Color Sticks! Try shading, hatching, cross-hatching, and stippling. Use a different color for each technique to make lines stand out! What interesting compositions can be made with these techniques?
    5. Once students have completed their drawings, provide time in the school day for classmates to view each others' work and discuss how their textures were created.
  • Standards

    LA: Read and comprehend informational texts, including history/social studies, science, and technical texts, at the high end of the grade level text complexity band independently and proficiently.

    LA: Engage effectively in a range of collaborative discussions (one-on-one, in groups, and teacher led) with diverse partners on grade level topics and texts, building on others’ ideas and expressing their own clearly.

    LA: Report on a topic or text, tell a story, or recount an experience with appropriate facts and relevant, descriptive details, speaking clearly at an understandable pace.

    SS: Describe ways in which language, stories, folktales, music, and artistic creations serve as expressions of culture and influence behavior of people living in a particular culture.

    SS: Explore factors that contribute to one's personal identity such as interests, capabilities, and perceptions.

    VA: Use different media, techniques, and processes to communicate ideas, experiences, and stories.

    VA: Describe how different expressive features and organizational principles cause different responses.

  • Adaptations

    Possible classroom resources include: Leonardo da Vinci for Kids: His Life and Ideas, 21 Activities by Janis Herbert; Journal of Inventions: Leonardo da Vinci by Jaspre Bark; DK Eyewitness Books: Da Vinci And His Times by Andrew Langley

    Fruits, plants, and flowers have a variety of textures. Set up a still life in the classroom and encourage students to recreate the subjects using only the four techniques described in this lesson plan.

    Challenge students with creating a monochromatic texture drawing. Use the concepts of texture and lines to provide definition for their illustrations by using only one color!


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